This instrument aims to measure motivation to achieve, as determined by covert responses
classified as follows:
expectations of positive effect from achievement- oriented activity. These reflect an
individual’s positive attitude toward life, enabling one to see life and tasks as a
means to attain pleasant outcomes.
seeing oneself as capable of success, of attaining set goals in
achievement- oriented situations and specific tasks.
the ability to set up goals for the self- direction of behavior. These reflect a
person’s responsiveness to, capacity for, and facility in setting up performance
goals for the present and the future.
knowledge of the instrumental steps or behaviors necessary for successful achieving.
It begins with a realization a personal responsibility for action and personal
control over outcomes.
reflect an individual’s capacity for and facility in self-assessment and self-
evaluation against an internal standard of excellence.